How can I change name of arbitrary columns in pandas df using lambda function?

Is there any way to change some column names in pandas dataframe using lambda, but not all? For example, suppose that this data frame has columns whose name are osx, centos, ubunto, windows. In this data frame, I want to replace all column names with that column name appended by x, so in this case, I can rename the column name by:

df.rename(columns=lambda x: x+'x')

However, if I want to rename all column names other than ubunto, how can I do it? So what I want to get is data frame whose name is osxx, centosx, ubunto, windowsx. Actually, my true data frame has much more columns, so I don’t like to write out one-by-one using usual dictionary syntax and instead want to lean on lambda function if it’s feasible.

Thanks.

Best answer

A ternary operator might achieve your goal:

os_list = ['osxx', 'centos', 'windowsx']    
df.rename(columns=lambda x: x+'x' if x in os_list else x)